June 3, 2013
Weekly Market Commentary
June 3, 2013
The Fed will taper… the Fed will not… the Fed will taper… the Fed will not…
Last week, investors and traders obsessed about the Federal Reserve and the possibility it might begin to end its quantitative easing program. The Fed began its first round of quantitative easing during the financial crisis in an effort to prop up the American economy. In general, quantitative easing helps increase money supply and promote lending and liquidity. Investors’ fears about what may happen when the program ends were apparent when, despite abundant positive economic news, major U.S. stock markets lost value last week.
On Tuesday, after the Memorial Day holiday, the Standard & Poor’s Case-Shiller home price index posted its biggest gain in seven years. Housing prices increased in every one of the 20 cities it tracks. U.S. stock markets initially responded positively to the news. However, it wasn’t long before investors began to worry that stronger housing prices might speed up the Fed’s timetable for quantitative easing, and U.S. stock markets moved lower on Wednesday.
On Thursday, weaker-than-expected economic data – first quarter gross domestic product (GDP) growth for the United States was revised downward from 2.5 percent to 2.4 percent – pushed markets higher.
On Friday, positive news – the Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan index of sentiment showed consumer confidence had reached its highest level in six years – caused markets to move lower.
U.S. stocks generally finished higher for the month of May despite last week’s performance. The Dow Jones Industrial Index gained 1.9 percent, the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index rose by 2.1 percent, and the NASDAQ was up 3.8 percent.
Treasuries, however, delivered their worst monthly performance since 2010. During the last four weeks, yields on 10-year Treasury notes rose from 1.6 percent to 2.1 percent – an increase of 50 basis points.
SOME SAY THE CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU (CFPB) unnecessarily limits consumers’ choices and is not subject to sufficient oversight; others say it protects consumers from unethical business practices and unnecessary financial hardship. Regardless of the hoopla surrounding it, consumers have begun turning to the CFPB for help.
The CFPB is funded by the Federal Reserve and operates independently of Congress which is one reason some believe it does not have sufficient oversight. According to the CFPB’s web site, its purpose is:
“Above all… ensuring that consumers get the information they need to make the financial decisions they believe are best for themselves and their families – that prices are clear up front, that risks are visible, and that nothing is buried in fine print. In a market that works, consumers should be able to make direct comparisons among products and no provider should be able to use unfair, deceptive, or abusive practices.”
From July 2011 (the date the CFPB became effective) through February 2013, the CFPB had received and worked to address more than 131,000 consumer complaints, including 5,000 issues raised by members of the military, veterans, and their families. The complaints typically are related to mortgages, credit cards, bank accounts and services, private student loans, consumer loans, and credit reporting. According to a recent article in Barron’s, the CFPB is:
“…Progressing in its original mission of reducing predatory lending by mortgage and auto lenders, credit-card issuers, and other consumer-finance outfits… So far, the agency has forced financial institutions to repay $425 million to consumers, and tackled bias in auto loans made by finance companies via car dealers. The CFPB has formulated tighter mortgage-lending rules that are being challenged in Congress. The bureau is about to begin regulating an estimated 22,000 payday offices.”
For banks and financial firms, complying with CFPB rules may require operational makeovers and the not-insignificant expenses which may accompany them, according to American Banker.com. One financial institution spent 900 hours analyzing how its mortgage operations, servicing, collections, and legal compliance measured up to CFPB rules. Then it modified its systems, processes, and training programs (or created new ones) to ensure it would remain in compliance. One outcome was the firm’s compliance team grew from four to 17 employees.
So, what is the CFPB? Is it an overreaching compliance nightmare or an effective consumer watchdog? Only time will tell.
Weekly Focus – Think About It
“The optimist thinks this is the best of all possible worlds. The pessimist fears it is true.”
--J. Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist
Suzanne H. Christian, CFP®
P.S. Please feel free to forward this commentary to family, friends, or colleagues. If you would like us to add them to the list, please reply to this e-mail with their e-mail address and we will ask for their permission to be added.
Suzanne Christian is a Registered Representative with and Securities offered through LPL Financial, member FINRA/SIPC.
- This newsletter was prepared by Peak Advisor Alliance. Peak Advisor Alliance is not affiliated with the named broker/dealer.
- The Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general.
- The 10-year Treasury Note represents debt owed by the United States Treasury to the public. Since the U.S. Government is seen as a risk-free borrower, investors use the 10-year Treasury Note as a benchmark for the long-term bond market.
- Gold represents the London afternoon gold price fix as reported by the London Bullion Market Association.
- The DJ Commodity Index is designed to be a highly liquid and diversified benchmark for the commodity futures market. The Index is composed of futures contracts on 19 physical commodities and was launched on July 14, 1998.
- The DJ Equity All REIT TR Index measures the total return performance of the equity subcategory of the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) industry as calculated by Dow Jones.
- Yahoo! Finance is the source for any reference to the performance of an index between two specific periods.
- Opinions expressed are subject to change without notice and are not intended as investment advice or to predict future performance.
- Past performance does not guarantee future results.
- You cannot invest directly in an index.
- Forbes- Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke- The Brains Behind QE
- Forbes- Evolution Of Real GDP in the U.S.
- New York Times
- Yahoo Finance- Finance Week Ahead: June Swoon to Come?
- Yahoo Finance- Is the Bond Market Outsmarting Stocks?
- The Fiscal Times
- Consumer Finance Protection Bureau- About Us
- Consumer Finance Protection Bureau- Consumer Response: A Snapshot of Complaints Received (page 6)
- Consumer Finance Protection Bureau- A snapshot of financial complaints from the military
- America Banker
- Brainy Quote